Skills For Progress (SKIP)

An All India Association of Private Technical/Vocational Training Institutions

Promoting Skills For Employment & Self Employment

Skills For Progress (SKIP)

An All India Association of Private Technical/Vocational Training Institutions

Promoting Skills For Employment & Self Employment

Skills For Progress (SKIP)

An All India Association of Private Technical/Vocational Training Institutions

Promoting Skills For Employment & Self Employment

Skills For Progress (SKIP)

An All India Association of Private Technical/Vocational Training Institutions

Promoting Skills For Employment & Self Employment

Skills For Progress (SKIP)

An All India Association of Private Technical/Vocational Training Institutions

Promoting Skills For Employment & Self Employment

MODULAR EMPLOYABLE SKILLS (MES)

Under SKILL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE SCHEME (SDIS)  

Vocational Training System

Vocational Training is a concurrent subject under the Constitution and the Central and State Governments share responsibility for effective implementation of vocational training system in the country. At the national level, the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGE&T), Ministry of Labour & Employment (MoLE), is the nodal body for formulating policies, laying down norms, standards, conducting trade test and certification of vocational training. The State Governments through Industrial Training Institutes/Industrial Training Centres (ITIs/ITCs) impart institutionalized vocational training under Craftsman Training Scheme, one of the flagship programs run by the DGE&T.

The vocational training system under the Ministry of Labour and Employment is one of the most comprehensive systems in the country. The craftsmen training is provided to youth in 107 trades with the objective to prepare semi-skilled workers for the industry. The craftsmen training is implemented through a network of 5114 Government Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)/ Private Industrial Training Centres (ITCs) located in various parts of the country. The educational qualification varies from class VIII pass to class XII pass depending upon the trades. The duration of training varies from six months to three years. The trainees after completion of craftsmen training appear in the All India Trade Test to obtain National Trade Certificate awarded by National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT), which is recognized for the purpose of recruitment to the subordinate technical posts at the shop floor level within the country as well as abroad.

The apprenticeship training is imparted under the Apprentices Act, 1961 in about 20800 industrial establishments to school leavers and ITI graduates with the objective to prepare skilled workers for the industry in 154 designated trades. The educational qualification varies from class VIII pass to class XII pass depending upon the trades. The duration of training varies from one year to four years. All India Trade Tests for apprentices are conducted under the aegis of NCVT. Successful apprentices are awarded National Apprenticeship Certificate, which is a recognized qualification for recruitment to the shop floor level subordinate technical posts within the country as well as abroad.

 Two tripartite bodies the Central Apprenticeship Council (a statutory body) and the National Council for Vocational Training (a non-statutory body) advise the GOI on formulating policies and procedures, and prescribing standards and norms for vocational training schemes. Both bodies have representatives from the Central and State governments, employers organizations, workers organizations and vocational training experts. Correspondingly, State Councils advise the State governments in respect of vocational training at the State level. The National Council for Vocational Training conducts All India Trade Tests (AITT).

Need for Launch of the Scheme

The skill level and educational attainment of the workforce determines the productivity as well as the ability to adapt to the changing industrial environment. A majority of Indian workforce does not possess marketable skills which is an impediment in getting decent employment and improving their economic condition. While India has large young population, only 5% of the Indian labour force in the age group of 20-24 years has obtained vocational skills through formal means whereas the percentage in industrialized countries varies between 60% and 96%. About 63% of the school students drop out at different stages before reaching Class-X. Only about 2.5 million vocational training seats are available in the country whereas about 12.8 million persons enter the labour market every year. Even out of these training places, very few are available for early school dropouts. This signifies that a large number of school drop outs do not have access to skill development for improving their employability. The educational entry requirements and long duration of courses of the formal training system are some of the impediments for a person of low educational attainment to acquire skills for his livelihood. Further, the largest share of new jobs in India is likely to come from the unorganized sector that employs up to 93 per cent of the national workforce, but most of the training programmes cater to the needs of the organized sector.

Honble Minister of Finance during the budget speech 2005-06 made the following announcement:To meet the demand for specific skills of a high order, a Public Private Partnership between Government and Industry is proposed to promote skills development programme under the name Skill Development Initiative.

Accordingly, Ministry of Labour & Employment undertook development of a new strategic framework for skill development for early school leavers and existing workers, especially in the unorganised sector in close consultation with industry, micro enterprises in the unorganised sector, State Governments, experts and academia which was essential considering their educational, social and economic background. The main objective of the scheme is to provide employable skills to school leavers, existing workers, ITI graduates, etc. Existing skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under this scheme. Priority will be given to covering those above the age of 14 years who have been or withdrawn as child labour to enable them to learn employable skills in order to get gainful employment. Cluster approach will be adopted with a view to further reduce the incidence of child labour; parents of child labour could also be enrolled on a preferential basis for providing skills so as to improve their employability.

Features of the Scheme

Objective

The objective of the scheme are:

 i. To provide vocational training to school leavers, existing workers, ITI graduates, etc. to improve their employability by optimally utilizing the infrastructure available in Govt., private institutions and the Industry. Existing skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under this scheme.

 ii. To build capacity in the area of development of competency standards, course curricula, learning material and assessment standards in the country.

2.  Key Features of the Scheme

1) Demand driven short term training courses based on Modular Employable Skills (MES) decided in consultation with Industry. MES is the minimum skills set which is sufficient for gainful employment.

2) Central government will facilitate and promote training while industry,private sector and State Governments will train the persons.

3) Optimum utilization of existing infrastructure to make training cost effective.

4) Flexible delivery mechanism (part time, weekends, full time, onsite/ offsite) to suit needs of various target groups.

5) Different levels of programmes (Foundation level as well as skill upgradation) to meet demands of various target groups.

6) The services of existing or retired faculty or guest faculty to be utilized.

7) Courses would also be available for persons having completed 5th standard.

8) Testing & certification of skills acquired informally.

9) Testing of skills of trainees by independent assessing bodies, which would not be involved in training delivery, to ensure that it is done impartially. 

10) The essence of the scheme is in the certification that will be nationally and internationally recognized 

Get in Touch


Phone : 91- 80-2229 3814, 

Fax       : 91- 80-2227 5983  


Email   : skip@vsnl.com or 

                skip@dataone.in